THE OLD TOWN OF ALGHERO
The Old Town is rare and unique. The buildings which are typically urban
reveal the various stages of a long, distinct and complex cultural process
connected to the political, economic and social aspects of the island.
Although the Sardinian historians state that Alghero was founded in 1102 by
the Doria family from Genoa, nowadays there are other opinions.
Some scholars say the origins go even further back while others claim they
are more recent.
It's doubtful that the name Alghero derives from "Alga" ? seaweed or even
from "Terra Aligeri", - Aligeri's land, and it certainly isn't convincing
that it comes from the Arab saying "EI-Gar" - fortress.
1345 is definitely the date of origin of Catalan Alghero. Alghero is still
Catalan and this is not only obvious because of the language and the
traditions but also because of the monuments which in the Old Town seem to
exude their Catalan origins.
Take for instance the two bell towers, the architecture of the cathedral
and the church of San Francesco and the Gothic Catalan style of many buildings.
This style which is a reflection of the Gothic French and influenced by Arab
architecture is also present in Catalonia and in Spain in general.
Alghero like Cagliari shows evidence of this architecture.
We can find portals adorned with lilies, windows with gothic arches,
ornamental leaf sculptures, ceramic work and statues of people and animals.
Buildings in this style date back to the 15th and 16th centuries.